They said close to 3.5 billion people across the world were at risk of dengue, which is spreading increasingly with growing rates of urbanisation.
In the current study, published in the journal PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, the scientists analysed social and environmental risk factors for contracting the virus in Delhi. They measured dengue antibodies in 2,107 individuals and mosquito larval prevalence in 18 areas within the city, including the socio-economic factors across neighbourhoods.
Based on the analysis, the scientists said, 7.6% of the surveyed individuals were positive for dengue virus antibodies, indicating a recent or current infection. The study found that colonies with very poor access to tap water, with less than 61% of houses having access, were associated with a higher risk of exposure to the virus.
According to the research, these were the only type of areas to register dengue cases between epidemics. However, despite relatively low mosquito densities, they said wealthy colonies had a higher risk of recent infection than intermediary colonies.
The scientists believe this may likely reflect the import of dengue virus by commuters coming into the high income areas during the day.
Citing the limitations of the research, the scientists said the classifications in the study based on wealth indicators were subjective to an extent. However, they said these do offer at least some quantitative indication of socio-economic status. PTI